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RevStat Statistical Journal

Pages-from-REVSTATvol14n22016

This special issue of Revstat—Statistical Journal presents selected papers on Risk Analysis, discussing recent developments, challenges and applications in several areas. For the development of Risk Analysis the year 1983 deserves a special notation as it was published that particular year the (i) British Royal Society Risk Assessment: Report of a Royal Society Study Group, Royal Society, London, and (ii) National Research Council, Risk assessment in the Federal Government:

Managing the Process, National Academy Press, Washington, DC. At the first stage of Risk Assessment development, it was the typical way to work and study mainly human cancer risk (see Edler L., Kitsos, C.P (2005) for more than 1000 references listed mainly for Human Risk on Cancer). Still there are some particular differences between the Risk Assessment as it is developed in the European Union and the way United States defines it. The U.S Environmental Protection Agency (E.P.A) has published a number of valuable Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment since 1985. From that time until currently, the topic of Risk Analysis has been assisting an increasing popularity, offering many challenges in prudent Risk Assessment. Themanagement of Risks toHumanHealth is based on two principles:

1. A Risk is accepted if it is sufficiently small to be considered in some way null or negligible known as the “de minimis principle”.
2. The Risk benefit balance principle: which implies that a Risk is accepted if the obtained benefit largely justifies its acceptance. The terms Risk and Hazard need to be clarified, sometimes, before their
use.

Certainly are different and are adopted for different qualitative methods. Needless to say, Risk Analysis comprises a number of Life Sciences, as well as Chemistry (and therefore Environmental and Food Science Problems, and Industry). Recently Globalization is based to the rapid development of economics and communication. Therefore Management and Economics need a particular approach through Risk Analysis. But, it is clear to us that, all lines of though under Risk Analysis need a strong Statistical background. We tried to serve this line of thought in this special issue of Revstat — Statistical Journal entitled “Risk Analysis: Challenges and Applications” and we hope it will stimulate and provide a huge interaction between researchers in several fields, once is clear that providing for minimizing risks is of general utmost importance.

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